Garbage disposal in urban areas

May 12, 2017

The journey of a plastic bag beyond its exile into the trash bin and how it, alongside its buddies, continues to fill up landfill sites and seas of countries isn’t something consumers often think about. However, in many countries the plastic bag will not even reach that destination, and within a month it will form a colony in a famous urbanized center of the country. Nations where proper garbage disposal is not prioritized are mostly those with a high population, are majorly landlocked, and with weak government control.

The United States of America tops the list of producing the greatest solid waste (624,700 metric tons a year), followed by China and Brazil, but it is given due credits for having an efficient and updated maintenance sector in most States. If poverty stricken Asian and African nations are considered, they have dumps all over cosmopolitan and tourist cities even in areas very densely populated. Living standards and hygiene are compromised significantly under these circumstances but they are overshadowed by the multitude of other problems.

It is to be noted that landfill sites are having their capacity reduced due to the increased disposal of non-bio-degradable waste such as various polymers of plastic. In some countries, stricter government laws have resulted in minimum garbage disposal into the sea and hence new artificial sites have to constructed, often in cities. Another problem that surfaces with lack of disposal units is the burning of trash, which heavily pollutes cities. In countries such as our own, mountains of solid waste can be conveniently gotten rid of by combusting because most people are unaware of the environmental repercussions of this act.

Garbage disposal begins at home, just like learning and charity. Undertaking social responsibility on small scales can aid the metropolitan corporations of cities in classifying waste and dispose/recycle accordingly. It is also a great step to install the best possible garbage disposal unit in homes to shred it before discarding it, and start programs on national scales for projects including composting and keeping separate recycling bins for organic and inorganic waste in homes and offices. Furthermore, neighborhoods can pool resources and create a fund to get their lanes cleaned by private sweepers if the issue is not undertaken by the state, and also to set up garbage bins all over the lane because the cost divided among so many households does not amount to much.

The next step that can be taken on a large scale is the usage of “Make the polluter pay principle”. Law enforcement can be used to make waste disposal on streets and pavements a crime that can be charged an amount for. This will reduce the startups of waste colonies in urban centers, and will also generate an income source for the state that can be reinvested for making disposal more convenient. Social awareness programs in schools can be used to induce changes in young minds so that they practice their teachings at home and make their city’s environment cleaner.

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